Dean And Staff Of The Dean’s Office
History And Programme Of The Faculty
Curriculum For Faculty Of Dentistry

(DEAN'S OFFICE)
S/NO NAME DEPT. RANK  Telephone/ E-mail
1 Dr. Linda Oge Okoye Dean Snr. Lect 8068424848 linda.okoye@unn.edu.ng
2 Dr. Ezi A. Akaji Dean's Office Lect. I 7069795650 ezi.akaji@unn.edu.ng
3 Dr. Nkoli Pamela Uguru Dena's Office Lect. I 8037270308 nkoli.ugur@unn.edu.ng
4 Okeke, Nebuwa Agatha Dean's Office Asst.Reg. 8032657074 agatha.okeke@unn.edu.ng
5 Ezedimora, Louisa Ifeyinwa Dean's Office Prin. Conf. Sec II 8063313710 louisa.ezedimra@unn.edu.ng
6 Aneke, Mabel Uche Dean's Office P. E. O II 8033387070 mabel.aneke@unn.edu.ng
7 Ojinta, Amaoge A. Dean's Office S. E. O 8030622532 amaoge.ojinta@unn.edu.ng
8 Okere, Alice Ebere Dean's Office CCO 7032620762 alice.okere@unn.edu.ng
9 Ezuma, Mary Ejiato Dean's Office C/Msgr 7062634620 mary.ezuma@unn.edu.ng

 BACK GROUND INFORMATION

As the nation perceived the problems posed by the acute shortage of Dental surgeons and technologists and the challenge and need to meet the ever increasing demand for the services of the surgeons, some Nigerian universities such as University of Benin, Ahmadu Bello University, the University of Lagos (Unilag) University of Ife, have responded positively by establishing Faculties of Dentistry. In fact, there was no Dental School in former Eastern Nigeria, until 1983 when the Federal School of Dental Technology and Therapy (FSDTT) was established in Trans -Ekulu, Enugu.

In February 1982, a proposal was made for the establishment of a dental department as a part of the Faculty of Medicine of the University of Nigeria. The intention was that this would form the nucleus of a Faculty of Dentistry of the College of Medicine. At the instance of Professor D. C. Nwafo, the then Head of Surgery, Prof. Gordon Ritchie- a Professor of Dentistry, University of London was invited by the vice chancellor to assist in establishing the School of Dentistry in the College of Medicine of the University of Nigeria. Prof. Ritchie was willing to assist the university, having done the same for several universities in Nigeria and in countries in the Middle-East and Singapore.

Following a letter from the then Dean of College of Medicine, Prof. R. O. Anikwe, a date was fixed for the visit of Prof. Ritchie in the first and second week of October, 1982.

Surprisingly, nothing was hard of the arrangement for two years although a Department of Dentistry was created as part of the Faculty of Medicine. Up till this period under reference, neither academic nor technical staff was appointed but about eleven students were admitted as first set of students. Dentistry became part of Department of Surgery

In a bid to establish a school of Dentistry by the College of Medicine, a working relationship was established with the School of Dental Technology and Therapy to provide the proposed School of Dentistry access to the facilities of the former. Towards the end, a tripartite agreement was entered into by the College of Medicine, the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital and Federal Ministry of Health, which was terminated at the instance of the Rector of the Federal School of Dental Technology and Therapy in 1999.

The Faculty before it lost accreditation had graduated three (3) sets of Dental Surgeons.

The first Head when the Department was created was Professor A. L Nwoku, who was a visiting professor. The first permanent staff was Dr. Sam Maduakor seconded from the University of Benin. The Professor left and Dr. M. S Amaeshi took over and handed over to Dr. B. Kulesakera who was visiting Reader from                                                                                               the University of Ibadan. When Dr. Kulesakera returned to Ibadan at the end of his tenure, the mantle fell on Dr. Etisiobi Ndiokwelu.

 Dr. Ndiokwelu later became the pioneer College when the university created three (3) Departments from the original one department – thus Departments of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery, Preventive Dentistry and Restorative Dentistry were born.  This was in 1991; the same year pioneer Dental Surgeons were produced. The Department then became a School of Dentistry.

The first Heads of Departments were – Dr. Sam Maduakor - Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery) , Dr. Etisiobi Ndiokwelu, Preventive Dentistry, Dr. Nagendran Resotrtive Dentistry. A full fledge Faculty was created in 2004.

The current Dean of the Faculty is Professor Etisiobi Ndiokwelu of the Department of Preventive Dentistry.

Today we have four (4) Departments a big leap from the modest staff strength of three academic staff in 1991. The current Heads of Departments are:

Child Dental Health                         Dr (Mrs) Nkiru Folaranmi

Oral & maxillofacial surgery           Dr. Chukwuneke Felix N

Preventive Dentistry                       Dr (Mrs.) Abigail E Akaji

Restorative                                       Dr. Udoye C. I.

                                     

CURRICULUM

Process of Curriculum Design

The process of curriculum development is initiated at the departmental level with inputs from experts in the field and in Dental education. When approved by the academic board it is then forwarded to the Faculty curriculum committee who after careful scrutiny presents it to the Faculty Academic Board. On approval by the faculty board the same process is followed through the College Academic Board and the senate. During these processes care is taken to ensure both the professional standard of the registration body and the minimum academic standard of NUC is maintained.

The curriculum is subject to review after every four years to keep abreast with developments, changes and needs. Regular feed back from employers and other stakeholders are obtained as input for curricular review and update.

UPDATING OF CURRICULA  PROGRAMMES

Curricula of programmes are reviewed regularly at 4 years intervals. The university encourages the departments to interact with employers of graduates and oversees linkage universities in order to update its curriculum to meet changes in employment environment, advances in technology, demands of professional bodies and changing role of the graduates

 

               PHYSICAL FACILITIES

Only physical facilities that are not common to the whole university are covered under this heading. Physical facilities in the Faculty where programme to be accredited.

 

 THE FIRST BANK BUILD AT ITUKU OZALLA (FACULTY OF DENTISTRY)

a.       The left wing of the ground floor in the building houses the Department of Preventive Dentistry, while the right wing is the Laboratory.

b.      The first flour: Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery and Restorative Dentistry

c.       While the top most flour has the Dean’s office and the office of the Child  Dental Health Department.

d.      Hall.

STAFFING

  STAFF RECRUITMENT,

Staff is by the process of advertisement of vacancies in a national/international print media. The departmental board does a short-listing based on the requirements advertised and subsequently the candidates appear for interview at the faculty’s appointment committee. Recommendations are forwarded to the college appointment committee who then presents its recommendation to the College Board for ratification or otherwise. These provisions ensure that only the best candidates are appointed.

Promotion of staff is governed by the yellow book for the academic staff; emphasis is placed on publications and teaching experience. Administrative staffs are promoted on the basis of excellent performance of duties and 4 year waiting period.

 

STAFF DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME

Staff development is encouraged by ensuring that further training at postgraduate level for teaching staff and attendance at conferences, short courses, seminars, workshops etc are made available. Promotions are partly based on self development through these opportunities. Further encouragement is achieved by supplying funds within the limits of university resources to facilitate participation. Information about floating scholarship, sponsorship and fellowships are regularly advertised for interested candidates.

 

STUDENTS ADMISSION AND GRADUATION POLICY

Admission, Retention and Graduation Policy
Admission: See the University section of the minimum Academic Standards documents.
Admission Requirements:
1. Person from 16 years
2. Must pass Jamb Exams
3. Meet the departmental academic requirement in terms of school certificate subject passed
4. Candidates on transfer from other recognized universities must meet departmental admission requirement and in addition have a minimum GPA of 3.00. However, expelled students from other universities are not admitted. This is however subject to the University set standard for inter – University transfer.

Retention:       

Candidates who have overstayed by more than 50% of the normal programme duration or are involved in examination malpractice or forged certificate are expelled from the university.

Graduation Policy:      

Students shall be required to obtain a final cumulative grade point average of at least 1.00 to qualify for graduation.Student

shall

also obtain a passing grade in all Major, required ancillary and general studies courses before they can graduate provided the student satisfies the minimum unit load required for graduation (150 unit – see section 2.3(5) of UNN undergraduate Academic Regulations)

PROBATION, EXPULSION, WITHDRALS

                               All admissions are on probation until certificate which form basis of admission is verified.
A student can be expelled from the university if
1. He/she is involved in examination malpractice
2. He/she is a member of secret cult
3. The certificate on the basis of which probationary admission was offered is found to be forged.

UNDERGRAUDATE PROGRAMME FOR THE AWARD OF THE BACHELOR

DENTAL SURGERY DEGREE (BDS)

UNDERGRADUATE CURRICULUM FOR THE BACHELOR OF DENTAL SURGERY (BDS) PROGRAMME.

 

FACULTY INFORMATION

The Faculty of Dentistry offers a six year academic programme to the award of the professional Degree of B. D. S for students admitted by the UME examination and a 5 year programme for those admitted by direct entry. The constituent departments in the Faculty offer the courses that lead to the award of this single unclassified professional degree.

 

PHILOSOPHY OF THE PROGRAMME

A University of Nigeria trained Dental Surgeon should be able to meet the vast majority of Dental needs of the Nigeria society. The surgeon equipped with all the relevant clinical exposures should be able to adapt to changing local conditions. The undergraduate training in Dental Surgery of the university is therefore, drawn to prepare the student adequately for the professional and administrative leadership roles that will be expected of him as a practicing Dental Surgeon.

Also, it is aimed that each product of the programme will be exposed to pedagogy to equip him with the competence to assist in further training and supervision of para-dental staff placed under him. At the end of the training, the graduate of the programme should have definite competence in the areas of diagnosis and management of all common or dental disorder as well as be able to effect the job training and supervision of the para-dental staff under him.

 

OBJECTIVE OF THE PROGRAMME

The BDS Programme of the University is aimed at inculcating into the student through a comprehensive training programme that ability that will enable him as a Dental graduate to undertake independent practice.

It is also aimed at making the training relevant to local environment. The Faculty aims at making the standard of practice of graduates comparable with that obtained elsewhere in any part of the world by ensuring that professional ethics and conducts are acceptable by relevant regulatory bodies.

The programme is further aimed at developing the student into possessing sufficient training to  appraise research findings and apply same to improve his practice.

Finally, the programme is aimed at producing graduates who will at the end of their training, not only possess the ability to identify and define oral health problems of the community, but also have the ability to educate the public on Dental health and to advise and evaluate Dental Health practice of the community and the nation.

 

FACULTY OF DENTISTRY ADIMISION REQUIRMENTSCandidates are admitted into the Faculty for BDS programme either through entrance mode (UME/POST UME) or as direct entry students for the six year standard programme or five year programme respectively.

In addition to the University minimum entry requirements the entrance candidates are expected to have at least credit pass in English Language, Biology, Chemistry, Mathematics and Physics in Senior School Certificate Examination (SSCE). Or at the Ordinary Level in not more than one sitting.

Direct entry candidates in addition to satisfying the above requirements should also have three Advanced Level papers in biology or Zoology, chemistry and Physics in London G. C. E in one sitting.

The Faculty accepts B. Sc degrees in related fields of study for admission into the five year standard programme.

Holders of M. B. B. S may be admitted into the three year clinical course in Dentistry

 

STRESS AREAS


 Oral Medical and Dental Therapeutics 0
 Oral Surgery 1
 Oral Diagnoses and Dental Radiology 2
 Orthodontics 3
 Periodontology 4
 Preventive/ Community Dentistry 5
 Prosthetic Dentistry 6
 Conservative Dentistry 7
 Medical and Dental Ethics and Jurisprudence 8
 Oral Pathology 9
 Paedodontics 10

JOB OPPORTUNITIES

Successful graduates in the B. D. S degree programme are well equipped (after housemanship) for careers in government Hospitals, Private practice, teaching and research in Universities or research institutes as well as administration. Graduates are also qualified for post graduate training for specialization any where in the world.

 

SCOPE OF THE PROGRAMME

Child Dental Health Dentistry

Oral Pathology

Oral Surgery

Preventive and community Dentistry

Restorative Dentistry

 

SIX YEAR STANDARD PROGRAMME

FIRST YEAR

1st  Semester

MAJOR COURSES

COURSE NO.                          TITLE                                      UNIT

BIO 101                       Genetics for Medical Students             2

BIO 151                       General Biology I                                3

CHM 101                     Basic Practical Chemistry I                  2

CHM 171                     Basic Practical chemistry                     2

PHY 101                      General Physics for life Science                      2

PHY 191                      Practical Physics I                                2

 

GENERAL STUDIES COURSES

GS 101                                    Use of English I                                               2

GS 103                        Social Science I                                                           2

                        TOTAL                                                           17

 

2ND  SEMESTER

MAJOR COURSES

COURSE NO                           TITLE                                      UNIT

BIO 152                       General Biology II                               3

BIO 153                       General Biology (Practical) II              2

CHM 112                     Basic Principles of Chemistry II                      2

CHM 122                     Basic Principles Chemistry III              2

PHY 102                      General Physics for life Science II       2

PHY 103                      General Physics for life Science III     2

ZOO 121                     Basic Parasitology                                2

 

GENERAL STUDIES COURSES

GS 102                                    Use of English II                                  2

GS 104                                    Social Sciences II                                 2

                                    TOTAL                                               1

 

SECOND YEAR

1ST SEMESTER

MEJOR COURSES

 

COURSE NO               TITLE                                                  UNIT

DNT 221                     Oral Biology I                                      2

ANAT 201                   Gross Anatomy I                                 6

ANAT 203                   Embryology Genetics I                                    1

ANAT 205                   Histology and Histochmistry                2

BIC 204                       Biochemistry                                       3

PYS 201                      General Principle of Blood and

Body Fluids                                         2

PYS 203                      Muscles Autonomic Nervous system   2

 

REQUIRED ANCILLARY COURSE

PHIL 131                     Introduction to Logic I                         2

 

GENERAL STUDIES COURSES

GS 207                                    Humanities                                          2

GSP 201                      Basic Concepts and Theories of Peace

                                    And Conflict                                        2

                                    TOTAL                                               26

 

2ND SEMESTER

COURSES NO.                        TITLE                                                  UNIT

DNT 222                     Oral Biology II                                     2

ANAT 202                   Gross Anatomy II                                6

ANAT 204                   Embryology and Genetics                    1

ANAT 206                   Biochemistry                                       2

BIC 204                       Bioenergetics and Metabolism             3

PYS 204                      Renal and GI Physiology                     3

PYS 206                      Cardiovascular and Respiratory

Physiology                                           3

 

REQUIRED ANCILLARY COURSE

PHIL 132                     Introduction to Logic II                                    2

 

GENERAL STUDIES COURSES

GS 208                                    Humanities II                                       2

GSP 202                      Issues in Peace and Conflict

Resolution  Studies                              2

                                    TOTAL                                               26

 

THIRD YEAR                                               

1st Semester

MAJOR COURSES

COURSE NO             TITLE                                                 UNIT

ANAT 301                   Gross Anatomy                                                4

ANAT 303                   Embryology Genetics                          1

ANAT 305                   Biochemistry                                       1

BIC 301                       Nutrition and Biochemistry                  2

BIC 303                       Special Topics in Biochemistry                        3

PYS 301                      Endocrinology & Reproductive

Physiology                                           2

PYS 303                      Neurophysiology                                 2

PYS 305                      Special senses                                      1

                                    TOTAL                                                16

 

2ND SEMESTER

MAJOR COURSES

COURSE NO               TITLE                                                  UNIT

DNT 302                     Science of Dental Materials                 2

DNT 304                     Dental Operative Techniques               3

DNT 372                     Prosthetic Techniques                          3

PHA 301                      General Pharmacology                         2

PHA 302                      Systemic Pharmacology                                   2

MIC 301                      Bacteriology                                        2

MIC 302                      Virology                                              1

CPY 303                      Mycology                                            1

CPY 301                      Clinical Chemistry                               2

CPY 303                     Practical Laboratory Work                  1

PAT 301                      General Pathology                              1

HEM 301                    Basic Immunology                              3

                                    TOTAL                                                           23       

 

FOURTH YEAR

1ST SEMESTER

MAJOR COURSES

COURSE NO              TITLE                                                 UNIT

PHA 401                      Antimicrobial, Antifungal, Antiviral    2

                                    Antiprotozoal Agents

PHA 403                      Drug acting on the CNS                                   2

PHA 405                      Practicals  and Demonstrations                        2         

MIC 401                      Medical protzology                              1

MIC 402                      Practical Protzology                             1

MIC 403                      Medical Helmintology                         1

MIC 404                      Applied Medical Biology                     1

MIC 405                      Medical entomology                            1

CYP401                       Clinical Chemistry                               1

CYP402                       Human Nutrition                                  1

CYP 403                      Practical Laboratory                             1

HEM 401                     General Hematology                            1

HEM 402                     Blood Transfusion                               1

HEM 403                     Practical Haematology                         2

PAT 401                      System Pathology                                2

PAT 402                      Histopathology                                                2

PAT 403                      Forensic Medicine                               2

                                    TOTAL                                               24       

 

2ND SEMESTER

MAJOR COURSES

COURSE NO              TITLE                                                 UNIT

DNT 422                     Oral Medical and Dental Therapeutics 3

DNT 424                     Oral Diagnosis and Dental Radiology  3

DNT 426                     Oral Surgery                                        2

DNT 444                     Paedodontics                                       2

DNT 446                     Orthodontics                                        2

DNT 462                     Conservative Dentistry                                    2

DNT 472                     Prosthetic Dentistry                              2

                                    TOTAL                                                16                                                                                                                   

FIFTH YEAR

MAJOR COURSE

COURSE NO                        TITLE                                                UNIT

DNT 521                     Oral Medicine and Dental Therapeutics           2

DNT 523                     Oral Diagnosis and Dental Radiology  1

DNT 531                     Basic Periodontology                           2

DNT 525                     Oral Surgery                                        2

DNT571                      Oral Pathology                                     1

MED 601                     Cardiology II                                       1

MED 603                     Gastroenterology II                              1

MED 605                     Rheumatology II                                  1

MED 607                     Neurology II                                        1

MED 609                     Therapeutics of Common Medical And                                                           Surgical Disorders                                    2

SUG 601                      Solid Tumours and other Neoplasm     1

SUG 603                      Pediatric Surgery                                  2

 

NECESSARY ANCILLARY COURSES

CS 101                         Computer Science                                1

                                    TOTAL                                                19

2ND SEMESTER

MAJOR COURSES

COURES NO              TITLE                                                 UNIT

DNT 522                     Oral Medicine                                      2

DNT 524                     Oral Diagnosis and Dental Radiology  2

DNT 526                     Oral Surgery                                        2

DNT 532                     Periodontology                                                2

DNT 572                     Oral Pathology                                     2

DNT 592                     Community and Preventive Dentistry  2

MED 602                     Respiratory Medicine II                                   1

MED 604                     Nephrology II                                      1

MED 606                     Chemical Immunology                                    1

MED 608                     Tropical Medicine and Infections        2

SUR 602                      Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery   2

SUR 604                      Neurosurgery                                       2

                                    TOTAL                                                           21       

                       

SIXTH YEAR

1ST SEMESTER

MAJOR COURSES

COURSE NO               TITLE                                                  UNIT

DN T621                     Oral Medicine                                      2

DNT 632                     Oral Surgery                                        2         

DNT 631                     Periodontology                                                2

DNT 641                     Paedodontics                                       2

DNT 643                     Orthodontics                                        2

DNT 661                     Prosthetic Dentistry                              2

DNT 671                     Prosthetic Dentistry                              2

DNT 673                     Oral Pathology                                     2

DNT 691                     Community/ Preventive Dentistry        2

DNT693                      Medical/Dental Ethics and

Jurisprudence                                      1

DNT 695                       Psychiatry for Dental Students                       1

 

REQUIRED ANCILLARY COURSE

DNT 697         Dental Entrepreneurship                                  1         

                        TOTAL                                               16

 

2ND SEMESTER

MAJOR COURSES

COURSE NO            TITLE                                                                        UNIT

DNT 524         Oral Surgery                                                    2

DNT 622         Oral Medicine                                                  2

DNT 642         Paedodontics                                                   2

DNT 644         Orthodontics                                                    2

DNT 662         Conservative Dentistry                                                2

DNT 674         Prosthetic Dentistry                                          2

DNT 676         Oral Pathology                                                 2

DNT 692         Community/ Preventive Dentistry                    2

                        TOTAL                                                           16

 

 FIVE YEAR STANDARD PROGRAMME

Admission is by direct entry. Students admitted to the programme begin in the 2nd year with the preclinical students of the Faculty subject to satisfaction of the university and Faculty entry requirements.

THREE YEAR STANDARD PROGRAMME

Students admitted to this programme begin with the Clinical Courses in the 4th yea. They are however expected to have satisfied the requirement for the Oral biology and practical courses in Restorative Dentistry and Orthodontics in the Preclinical stage of the B. D. S Programme.

 

COURSE DISCRIPTION (SECOND YEAR)

1ST SEMESTER

DNT 221        ORAL BIOLOGY                            2 UNITS

Development of the face, oral cavity, jaws, tongues and salivary glands. The development of the deciduous and permanent dentition. Time of calcification and eruption of the dentition. Tooth morphology. Development of the branchial arches and their derivatives. The mandibles and the hyoid arches and their relationship to the VIIth and IX cranial nerves. Growth of the face and jaw and development of the nerve supply to the teeth. Formation of the Dental lamina and its differentiation. Development of the enamel organ and its differentiation into tooth structures. Amelogenesis, dentinogenesis, development of the pulp. Formation of the periodontal membrane, dental follicle and Hartwigs sheath.  Detailed structure of formed tissue including their cellular elements. The enamel, dentine, cementum, periodontal membrane and alveolar bone. The oral mucous membrane, epiglottis, mucous glands. A detailed study of the gingival, the attached and free gingival, its relationship to the teeth before, during and after eruption. A detailed look at the tongue, the temperomendibular joint, and the salivary glands. The maxillary antrum and its relation to the teeth. Age changes in dental tissues. A brief view of comprehensive dental anatomy.

 

2nd Semester

DNT 222                    ORAL BIOLGY                   2 UNITS

Calcium and phosphorus metabolism; absorption, body requirements, blood levels, excretion. Chemical composition of  enamel, dentine, cementum and bone. Hydroxyapatite, fluoride uptake, organ and is constituents; collagen and ascorbic acid and amino acids.  Theories of calcification.  Hormanal influences on growth and development of the teeth and jaws; parathormone, thyroxin, calcition.  Nutrition and diet effects on tooth formation and development.  A brief look at the role of some essential trace elements; molybdenum, selenium, magnesium, vitamins A, the B vitamins, C and D Dental caries.    The role of sugars in caries, the role of fluoride in caries prevention and its influence on enamel mottling.  Saliva its function, organic and inorganic constituents, factors controlling its secretion and the nervous control.  Xerostomia.Calculus; composition, formation favoured sites and significance.  Dental plaque; composition, formation and relation to dental disease. Introduction to physiology of taste, smell, speech, mastication  and deglutition.

 

COURSE DISCRIPTION (THIRD YEAR)

2nd Semester

DNT  302 SCIENCE OF DENTAL MATERIALS       2 UNTIS

introduction to materials used in dentistry.  Their mechanical, physical, chemical and biological properties.  Their uses and limitations along with on going improvements to the existing materials.

Lining  materials and cements, Dental amalgam, Tooth colored a filing materials; composite resins.  Impression materials and model and  die materials Casting alloy requirements, porcelain and bonded porcelain.  Alloys for denture construction, denture base resins.

Materials used in root canal therapy, materials used in orthodontics, materials used in preventive dentistry.  Implant materials.  Materials used in periodontology and oral surgery.

DNT 304 DENTAL OPERATIVE TECHNIQUE                3 UNITS

Introduction to operative dentistry, including a practical a review of dental morphology patient assessment, examination, diagnosis and treatment planning.  Infection control.  Instrumentation.  Classification of cavities and restorations.  Preliminary considerations for operative dentistry.  Tooth colored restorations esthetic considerations in operative dentistry. Amalgam restorations, direct gold as a restorative material, cast gold restorations.  Introduction to endodontic.  Simple periodontal procedures.

DNT 372 PROSTHETIC TECHNIQUE               3 UNITS

Applied anatomy of oral and facial tissue in relation to prosthetic dentistry.  Prosthetic patient examination.  Impressions; primary and working impressions using different impression technique.  Bite registration for complete and partial dentures.  Articulators, uses types and limitations.

 

COURSE DISCRIPTION (FOURTH YEAR)

DNT 422 ORAL MEDICINE AND THERAPEUTICS

Introduction to the constituents and actions of toothpastes, oral rinses and mouthwashes.  An over view of common analgesics, antiviral and antifungal drugs used most frequently in dental practice.  The use of anxiolytics, sedatives, hypnotics and tranquilizers in dentistry is examined.  A comprehensive knowledge of the use of local anaesthesia in dental surgery its importance, manner of use types, constituents and possible complications is brought to bear on the students.

DNT 424 ORAL DIAGNOSIS AND DENTAL RADIOLOGY                    3 UNITS

Introduction to the dental patient, his anxieties, fears, and manners.  An insight into the difficult patients and methods of patient control.  Introduction to dental history taking and clinical examination.  Introduction to the basic investigations employed in the clinical setting like percussion testing, transillumination and pulp vitality testing techniques.  Introduction to dental diagnostic equipment, their uses and limitation.  Introduction to dental radiology and dental x-ray machines.  A review of the principles of ALARA  and its application in dental radiography.  Emphasis being laid on possible hazards and protective procedures for both the patient and the dental surgery staff.

 

DNT 426 ORAL SURGERY                                      2UNITS

Introduction to the scope of Oral and Maxillofacial surgery and diagnosis methods employed. A concise introduction to definitions and methods of achieving sterilization in the dental environment. Cross infection control methods and WHO guidelines. A look at the basic instrument employed in oral surgery practice.

 

DNT 444 PAEDODNTICS                                                     2UNITS                      

Introduction to Paedodontics. Growth, maturation and development of the  normal child. Difference between chronological age and normal age. Normal psychology, interellectual development with reference to teaching health education at various levels. Eruption and exfoliation of teeth. History taking, consent to treatment. Development anomalies of the teeth and jaws, especially enamel defects. Special features of dental caries in children Management of early and advanced caries.

 

DNT 446 ORTHODONTICS                                     2UNITS

Introduction to the undergraduate course in Orthodontics. Definition of Orthodontics. Early development of face. Growth of the face and jaws. Development of normal occlusion and the effects of soft tissue on the developing occlusion. Aetiology of malocclusion, local causes of malocclusion. Classification and diagnosis of malocclusion. Orthodontics diagnosis and treatment planning for Angle’s class II division I malocclusion. Treatment of Angle’s class II division 2 malocclusion. Treatment of Angle’s class III incisor relationship. Principles of removable appliance design. Introduction to fixed orthodontic appliances.

DNT 462CONSERVATIVE DENTISTRY                            2UNITS

Dental caries; introduction to the carious process, occurrences and diagnosis. Non caries damage to teeth; fractures, attrition and erosion and corosion. Instruments used in conservative dentistry. Pulp assessment, pulp irritants and lining, Introduction to the amalgam filling uses, uses handling and limitations.

DNT 472 PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY                                2UNITS

General introduction to prosthetics dentistry. Review of applied anatomy of oral and facial tissues. Denture designs for partial and full dentures. Teeth for dentures, types and selection. Arrangement of teeth to achieve stability in dentures. The polished surfaces. Instructions to patients receiving new dentures. Common complaints about dentures. Pathological changes in oral tissue caused by denture.

 

COURSE DISCIPTION (FIFTH YEAR)

1ST SEMESTER

DNT 521 ORAL MEDICINE AND DENTAL THERAPUTICS                  2UNITS

A revision of the principles of antibiotic use and a comprehensive look at the most frequently used antibiotics in dental practice. An update on the role of antidepressant medications in the management of certain dental conditions. The use and limitations of the available sialogogues and a detailed study of dentine sensitizating agents and plaque disclosing as well as plaque removing agents. The use of steroids, their limitations and possible complications is released. A brief study of antihistamines and decongestants is also done during this course.

 

DNT 523 ORAL DIAGNOSIS AND DENTAL RADIOLOGY                    2UNITS

The use of history and clinical examination to diagnose dental pain. Dental caries, oral ulcers, tooth mobility, tooth discolorations, oral bleeding, tooth wear lesions and halitosis. A detailed study of the interpretation of the intraoral radiographs and important extra oral radiographs in use regularly by the dental surgeon.

 

DNT 531 BASIC PERIODONTOLOGY                                          2UNITS

The use of history and clinical examination to diagnose, dental and influence of hormones on periodontium. The oral environment. Defence mechanisms and immunology. Tooth deposits; material alba, acquired pellicle plaque and calculus. Classification of periodontal disease. The natural history of periodontal diseases (pathology of gingivitis/periodonties). The influence of systemic factors periodontal diseases. Epidemiology of periodontal diseases. Periodontal indices

 

DNT 541 PEADODONTICS                                                     1UNIT

Growth, maturation and development of the normal child. Difference between chronological age and normal age. Eruption and exfoliation of teeth. Developmental anomalies of the teeth and jaws. Amelogensis imperfecta, dentinogensis imperfecta.

Cleft lip palate.  Normal psychology, intellectual development with reference to teaching health education at various levels. History taking. Consent to treatment. Special features of dental caries in children. Management of early and advance caries. Rampant caries. Special filling materials for children’s teeth. Control of saliva, use of rubber dam.

 

DNT 571 ORAL PATHOLOGY                                                       1UNIT

The pathology of dental caries. A look at abnormalities of tooth size, shape and numbers. A comprehensive study of abnormalities of the enamel. Dentine, pulp and colour of teeth

 

DNT 525 ORAL SURGERY                                                  2UNITS

Introduction to the extraction of teeth and associated complications. The management of retained roots. Biopsy indications, types, techniques and uses. A study of dento-facial infections with an extensive look at tissue planes affected in the head and neck and management techniques especially with respect to incision and drainage. A review of sutures, and suturing techniques.

 

2nd Semester

DNT 522 ORAL MEDICINE                                                            2UNITS

The study of bacterial and viral infecting affecting the oral cavity, with a detailed look at oral candidasis. A comprehsive study of recurrent  oral apnthous ulcers with emphasis on types and individual variation, predisposing factors and management. A look at vesiculo-bullous lesions and their importance to tell dental surgeon.

 

DNT 524 ORAL DIAGNOSIS AND DENTAL RADIOLOGY                    2UNITS

A review of the diagnostic techniques for the diagnosis of swellings of the gums and swellings of the jaws. A detailed study of the orthopantomogrma (OPG) its unique application in dental practice, it limitations and interpretation of its files. A look at advanced imagining techniques available to the dental surgeon, MRC, CT, Ultrasound, Doppler radiography, contract radiography, scintiscanning and other evolving imaging techniques. An introduction to radiaton therapy its principles, guidelines of administration, effects and complications. The art of patient referral.

 

DNT 526 ORAL SURGREY                                                  2UNITS

The maxillary antrum and the management of oro-antral fistula. The impacted third mandibular molar, classifications, radiographic analysis and treatment. Introduction to maxillofacial trauma, patient assessment, basic and advance trauma life support, Glasgow coma scale. A detailed study of fractures involving the mandible, causes types, clinical features, radiographic assessment and treatment. An introduction to fractures of the mid face with a review of lefortes fracture lines and their clinical features. A look at fractures affecting the zygomatic bone, classifications and indications and for treatments.

 

DNT 532 PERIODONTOLOGY                                                       2UNITS

Prevention of periodontal diseases. Methods of detecting and measuring plaque. Disclosing agents. Techniques for removing plaque. Principles of treatment of periodontal disease with emphasis on history taking, examination of patient, investigation and treatment planning. Non surgical periodontal treatment. Development  of pockets; infrabony and suprabony, pockets exposed roots and furcation involvement. Gingivectomy and           fraenectomy. Post-operative management of patients – periodontal packs and dressings. Management of bony defects and furcation involvement.

 

DNT 572 ORAL PATHOLOGY                                                       2UNITS

The pathology of pulpitis, periapical periodontitis and periodontal abscess. A detailed study of osteomyeltis of the jaws. A brief look at connective tissue lesions; fibrous epulis, pyogenic granuloma and peripheral giant cell granuloma , haemangioma, lymphangioma, kaposi’s sarcoma, angiosarcoma, neurofibroma and von recklinghausen’s disease, myositis Rhabdomyosarcoma and non Hodgkin’s lymphoma, burkitt’s lymphoma and multiple myeloma

 

DNT 592 COMMUNITY AND PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY                     2 UNITS

Introduction to the principles of publication in Medicine and Dentistry. Planning epidemiological investigations involving types of study, population sample examination methods data analysis interpretation of results. WHO recommendation for Oral Health surveys. Indices for measurement of Oral hygiene, dental caries, and periodontal diseases, enamel lesions malocclusions, dentofacial anomalies. Epidemiology of dental caries, periodontal disease, anatomical abnormalities, oral tumours with special reference to Nigeria.      

 

COURSE DISCRIPTION (SIXTH YEAR)

1st Semester

DNT 631 PERIODONTOLOGY                                                       2 UNITS

Occlusion and occlusal problems. Occlusal adjustments. Periodontal splints. Acute periodontal lesions; periodontal abscess, acute ulcerative gingivitis herpetic sotmatitis, pericoronitis, periodontal enlargement. End of course project.

 

DNT 621 ORAL MEDICINE                                                            2UNITS

Oral white lesions; leukoedema, white sponge nevus, nicotine stomatitis, idiopathic leukoplakia hairy leukoplakia, geographic tongue, lichen planus. Pigmented lesions of the oral tissue, erythroplakia, petachia and eccymoses, café-au-lait macules, vitiligo, nevi,melanoma, neroedermal tumour of infancy. Heavy metal pigmentations, tetracycline pigmentation. Erythema, multiform and Stevens Johnson syndrome and other drug induced lesions of the oral mucosa. Oral ulcerative lesions; Aphthous ulcers, Behcet’s syndrome, Reiters syndrome, Wegner’s Granulomatosis. Midline Granuloma, Lupus erythematosus. Facial pain, difference diagnosis and brief look at some specific types of facial pain along with treatment. A detailed study of Temperomandibular pain dysfunction syndrome. Differential diagnosis of Cervico-facial lymph adenopathy.

 

DNT 623 ORAL SURGERY                                                  2UNITS

The diagnosis and management of cysts. Preprosthetic and surgical aids prosthetics.

Surgical endodontics; apicetomy, root hemi section, root amputation etc. surgical procedures that aid orthodontic treatment. A detailed study of Dental implantology. A brief introduction to orthogenetic surgery. A comprehensive look at Clefts of the lips and palates. The replacement of lost tissue utilizing different flap procedures and different type of bone grafts.

 

DNT 641 PAEDODONTICS                                                  2UNITS

Pulp treatment and root fillings management of apical abscesses, extraction of teeth. Local and topical aneaesthesia. Prophylactic conservative dentistry. Fluoride, age limit of usefulness of topical application. Fissure sealants, injury to anterior teeth, fractured incisors, tooth discolouration due to trauma or tetracycline staining. Diet and malnutrition. Dental instruments in paedontics, hand pieces, burs paedontic x- ray films, extraction forceps. Need for special precaution to avoid hazards in dentistry. Dental health education, school visits.

 

DNT 643 ORTHODONTICS                                                 2UNITS

Early development of the face: Growth of the face and jaws.

Development of normal occlusion and the effects of soft tissue on the developing occlusion. Aetiology of malocclusion Local causes of malocclusion. Interceptive orthodontics. Classification and diagnosis of malocclusion. Principles of cephalometrics. Other radiological views in orthodontics. Orthodontics diagnosis and treatment planning. Treatment of Angle’s class II division I malocclusion. Treatment of Angle’s class II division 2 malocclusion. Treatment of Angle’s class III incisor relationship. Principles of removable appliances. Advantages and disadvanges of removable appliances. Bite planes, space maintainers.

 

DNT 661 CONSERVATIVE DENTISTRY                                       2UNITS

Treatment of deep caries lesions and pulp therapy. Composite resins; types, handling, role and limitations. Introduction to endodontics; history and scope of endodontic. The role of micro organisms and tissue response to root canal infection. Pulp space anatomy and access cavity preparation. Basic instrumentation in endodontics. Root canal system preparation and intracanal medication. Root canal filling; materials and methods of root canal filling. A review of surgical endodontics. Endodontis in children and endodontics in aspects of traumatic injuries to teeth . problems and solutions in endodontis treatment. Criteria for success in endodontics. Restoration of endodontically treatment teeth. Review of properties of ridged restoration materials; cast alloys, and dental porcelain. Impression materials.

NT 671 PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY                                               2UNITS

Introduction and classification of removable partial dentures. Removable partial denture design. Surveying, determination of paths of insertion and guide planes, designing the component parts of a partial denture. Prosthetic mouth preparation; preparation of retentive undercuts, guide planes, rest seat and abutment teeth. Secondary impression and master cast for removable partial denture base selection, teeth selection, arranging artificial teeth, processing and insertion. Correction of removable dentures, relining rebasing,, reconstruction and repair. Temporary removable dentures. Immediate dentures; indications, design, types and limitations. Implant supported dentures.

 

DNT 673 ORAL PATHOLOGY                                                       2UNITS

A look at the pathology of cysts that affect the jaws. A detailed study of the tumours of odentogenic origin that affect the jaws:ameloblastoma, calcifying epithelia Odontogienic tumours , Odontogenic myxoma, odontomes, A similar study of being non Odontogenic tumours that affect the jaws; fibrous dysplasia, ossifying fibroma, osteomas central gaint odontegenic tumours that affect the jaws; osteosarcroma, chondrosarcoma, Ewing’s sarcoma. Plasma cell neoplasms; plasmacytoma of bone, multiple myeloma.

 

DNT 691 COMMUNITY AND PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY                     2UNITS

Principle of oral health promotion. Overview of behavior change. Concept of primary,secondary and tertiary prevention at individual and community levels in Dentistry. Dental caries prevention. Fluoridation of water – history, Legal and Social aspects, Methods effectiveness. Other methods of fluoride administration – systemic and topical prevention of periodontal disease. Oral Tumours, screening procedure for early diagnosis, rehabilitation, Dental Health Education – Aims and methods , Applications to individual patient in dental and to the community dental public health programme.

 

DNT 693         DENTAL AND MEDICAL JURISPRUDENCE                   1UNITS

Introduction to Ethics: Definition and scope of scope of ethics and Jurisprudence. Oath of Hippocrates and ethical obligation in relation to patients. Structure of Health services in Nigeria. Place of Dentistry in health team. Role of Dentists to welfare of patients and their relatives. Management of dental surgery, responsibility to employees’s health and safety. Use of records in dental surgery; confidentiality and importance for forensic identification. Professional ethics and self regulation. State regulation of professional practice. Legal definitions of required skill, malpractice, negligence. Insurance and Medical Defence Societies. Consent to treatment – Indications for oral written consent               

 DNT 695        PSYCHIATRY FOR DENTISTS                   1UNIT

 

DNT 697         DENTAL ENTERPRENURESHIP               1UNIT

 

SECOND SEMESTER

DNT 624         ORAL SURGREY                              2UNITS

The replacement of lost tissue using available allographic materials. A brief look at the biology, uses, procedures and limitations of cryosurgery. Introduction to types, uses and limitations of lasers in Dentistry. The use of endoscopic surgical techniques in oral surgery. A review of medical emergencies that can occur in the dental setting. Occupational hazards that the dentist and his staff may be exposed to in the clinical setting. A review of referral, surgical notes and reports writing for the dental surgeon.

 

DNT 622         ORAL MEDICINE                            2UNITS

The oral manifestations of diseases affecting the skin gastrointestinal tract, endocrine and haematlolgical systems. Neurological disorders important to the dentist; facial palsy, trigeminal and gloss pharyngeal neuralgia, Frey’s syndrome. Oral manifestations of HIV/AIDS.

 

DNT 642         PAEDODONTICS                              2UNITS

History taking. Consent to treatment. Special features of dental caries in children. Management of early and advanced caries. Rampant caries, dicing of deciduous teeth. Special filling materials for children’s teeth. Control of saliva, use of rubber dam. Pulp treatment and root fillings. Management of apical abscesses, extraction of teeth. Local and tropical anesthesia. Prophylactic conservative dentistry. Fluoride, age limit of usefulness of topical application fissure sealants. Injury to anterior teeth ,fractured incisors, tooth discolouration due to trauma or tetracycline staining. Diet and malnutrition. Dental instruments in paedodontics, hand pieces, burs, paedodontics x- ray films, extraction forceps need for special precaution to avoid hazards in dentistry. Dental health education

 

DNT 662         CONSERVATIVE DENTISTRY       2UNITS

Inlays; uses materials designs and limitations. Onlay preparations; the MOD onlay. Partial veneer restorations. Full veneer preparation; ceramic restorations-procelain jacket crown, metal ceramic crowns. Indications and contraindication. Fixed prosthodontics – Bridges; indications, contraindication, diagnosis and treatment planning. Parts, types and design of bridges. Bridges preparations; abutment tooth preparations. Impressions for bridges, temporary bridges. Dental Implants; indications, patient selections, types of implants, preparation of implant site. Success criteria for dental implants.

 

DNT 674         PROSTHETIC DENTISTRY                        2UNITS

Introduction to complete denture; design and component part, diagnosis and treatment planning, diagnos     tic impressions, mouth preparation, primary impressions lab procedures prior to master impression taking. Secondary impression, lab procedures prior to jaw relation, maxillomadibular relations. Lab procedure prior to try in insertion. Relining and rebasing in complete dentures. Special complete dentures.

 

DNT 676         ORAL PATHOLOGY                                   2UNITS

A look at salivary gland disease and tumours; ranulas, mucoseles bacterial sialadentitis mumps, sjorgen’s syndrome, benign lymphoepithelial lesion, pleomorphic adenoma, Warthin’s tumour, mucoepidermal ccarcinoma, adenocystic   carcinoma acini cell carcinoma. A brief look at jaw disease that have metabolic origins; Paget’s diseases, hyperparathyroidism, hypophosphatasia, acromegaly. Short review of jaw disease with a genetic origin; cherubism, osteopetrosis, osteogenesis imperfect, clidocranial dysplasia, crouzons syndrome, Treacher Collins syndrome, Pierre Robin syndrome, Down Syndrome, Hemi facial atrophy and hypertrophy Marfans syndrome,

 

DNT 692         COMMUNITY AND PREVENTIVE DENTISTRY            2UNITS

Health Services Organisation, primary health care, the health team. Planning dental services. Delivery of dental services to the community including Manpower, use of ancillaries, priority groups, finance. The relationship between need and demand. Ethics and jurisprudence.

END OF THE COURSE PROJECT.

 

EXAMINATION AND ASSESSMENT:

1.      100 level courses are conducted and examined by the Faculty of Science. The pass mark is 40%

2.      For courses in 200 level to 600 level, the pass mark is 50%. A student who score 70% or above in a subject of the comprehensive examination shell earn a pass with distinction, provided he has not had any repeat in the course relevant to that subject (as determined by the subject prefixes)

3.      For courses conducted by the departments of the Faculty of Medicine, the assessments, as specified by the relevant departments and approved by the Board of studies of the Faculty of Dentistry.

4.      Assessment for practical and clinical courses will be based on in-course assessments, as specified by the relevant departments and approved by the Board of the Faculty.

5.      The number of credits for each level together with the minimum credits required for the next repeat examination and to proceed to the next level is as specified below.

LEVEL

CREDITS

REPEAT

PROCEED TO NEXT LEVEL

100

36

 

 

200

52

 

 

300

40

 

 

400

53

 

 

500

54

 

 

600

24

 

 

6. The pre-clinical courses are completed at the end of the second semester of 300 level. The repeat examination for 1st semester courses will be held when fixed almost at the same time as the 2nd semester examination so that the students would have passed the pre-clinical courses before proceeding to clinical courses. To proceed to the clinical courses, a student must obtain a minimum combined total of 86 credits in the 300 level first semester examination and second semester examinations.

Semester examinations:
To qualify for repeat went fixed; the candidate must have passed all the 300 level 1st Semester Examinations and in addition, obtain a minimum of 10 credits from the 2nd semester courses. Any other failure would prevent the candidate from continuing the programme.
7. All 400 and 500 levels, clinical courses are block postings taken throughout the session, including the summer vacation, and credits will be earned by the next relevant year.
8. The final comprehensive Examination will be held in June at the end of 600 level. These consist of written papers, practical/clinical and viva, in each of the major dental subject areas. The practical/clinical section must be passed in order to the pass the subject. A student who fails in any subject may repeat that subject in September. a student

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