HISTORY
The Federal Ministry of Health and Social Services held a National Health Summit in September 6-9 1995 at Abuja. At the summit problems militating against efficient Medicare in Nigeria were discussed exhaustively. One of the identified problems was inadequate management of our health services. This is due to deficiency in the training of key health personnel as manifested by the absence of management principles in the curricula of health professionals.

In other to redress this issue, the Federal Government decided to encourage the establishment of Department of Health Management in Nigeria’s Medical Schools. For this reason, the Head of State, at that maiden National Health Summit, endorsed four chairs in Health Management and Administration in four (4) selected Universities.

The Sole Administrator of the University of Nigeria, Nsukka by a letter dated December 1995 REF. No. SMH.449/T/55 and duly signed by the Honorable Minister of Health Dr. C.C. Unogu was congratulated for being one of the beneficiary institution and also informed the University that a take off-grant of N3 million had been set aside for the programme. However, up till date the financial obligation has not been met.

The University of Nigeria, Nsukka at its 262nd meeting held on the 18th March 1998 considered and approved in principle the creation of the Department of Health Administration and Management in the Faculty of Health Sciences and Technology of the College of Medicine, University of Nigeria, Enugu Campus. Ref. No. UN/RC.224/SA.

The 1st set of 12 undergraduates for the programme resumed in the 2004/2005 academic session, and the second set of 24 undergraduates in the 2005/2006 academic session. Admission exercises are currently in progress for the 3rd set of students for the 2006/2007 academic session.

There is a monthly Departmental staff meeting and as need arises, emergency meetings also held during which issues of departmental concerns are deliberated upon.

There is a standing Finance Committee for decisions on departmental financial matters.

There is a standing practice on Staff Development whereby every academic staff is encouraged and sponsored to attend National Conferences for capacity building.

Staff promotion as stipulated in the University staff Appraisal annual exercise is also being used.

Handling of academic grieveance: There is a standing Departmental Committee chaired by the Head of Department where students have the opportunity to air their grievances. Decisions are made depending on the issues at stake.

There is a standing Departmental academic adviser for each set/level to advise students on course registration.

There is a Departmental examination committee that vets the setting of examination at the beginning of each session. At least two lecturers invigilate each examination. There is always a marking scheme submitted with each examination to the examination coordinator.

ACADEMIC PROGRAMMES

PROGRAMME PHILOSOPHY AND OBJECTIVES

PHILOSOPHY
1. B.SC Health Administration and Management
2. PGD HEMP
3. M.SC HEMP
4. Ph.D with specialization in Health Economics, Health Policy, Health Management

PGG: HEALTH ECONOMICS, MANAGEMENT AND POLICY (HEMP)
There is lack of capacity in Health Management, Economics and Policy in Nigeria and most Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. There is also the lack of adequately trained as well as academically equipped health management professionals to man management positions in the ministries of health, health organizations and services in Nigeria. These imply that the country and actually most of the countries in the SSA sub-region lack the capacity for health system analysis; health system management; health economics and policy; and overall health management techniques. These are essential skills that are required to improve the health system and ensure that the country attains and maintains the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Institutionalize an efficient and equitable health sector reform programme and ultimately improve the health status of the people.

Evidence show that the greatest problem preventing appropriate delivery of care, improved access to care and the financial viability of the health system has been the scarcity of trained and seasoned health care managers. Evidence also indicates increasing need for trained health economists/managers by the civil society organizations in attempt at reforming and improving the Nigerian Health System. As a result, it has become necessary and important to provide relevant professional training in order to develop health management experts and health economist s with high academic and professional skills to provide effective leadership in the health services delivery at both the public and private health sectors.

The phenomenon of lack of management acumen within our healthcare system has become so obvious that persons heading our health institutions and healthcare services are hardly versed in the regime of health management, economics and policy for that matter, resulting in poor, ineffectual and uncoordinated healthcare delivery system. This is partly one of the reasons that the Nigerian healthcare system was ranked by the World Health Organization in 2000 to be one of the worst in the world.

The demand for health managers and administrators has been on the increase since the recent health reform programmes engaged at various governmental levels and partly sponsored by the international community commenced. Up until recently, both public and private health institutions were being managed by non-processional health managers, hence the enduring crisis of misallocation of resources, lack of adequate health planning and diagnosis that has plagued the national healthcare delivery system.

The manpower need for health economists as well as health systems and policy analysts also has remained on the increase especially with the recent health reform programmes in Nigeria and the rest of SSA sub-region. More so, international and civil society organizations are on constant demand for health economists and health system analysts to develop policies and implement various health reform programmes in the country as well as evaluate and provide economic evidence for improving diverse health programmes. The need for health economists run through the desire to build capacity to accomplish the demand for appropriate allocation of scarce resources, health management effectiveness and relevant decision making and performance applications to the health industry to maximize the health and well being of the citizenry.

There is thus an urgent need to initiate a post-graduate programme in health economics, management and policy to help curb the vacuum created by the absence of the relevant professionals that are required to improve the healthcare system. The inter-related nature of the disciplines implies that they could be offered as an integrated package to the students for a holistic acquisition and retention of knowledge required to improve the performance of the health system. The desire to accomplish appropriate fiscal policies and governmental finance of the health industry especially with recent reform programmes engaged at the various governmental levels has also informed the initiation of this programme.

The PGD programme other than being a preparatory programme for Master’s degree in Health Economics, Management and Policy is designed to give the participants requisite knowledge and techniques in health economic analytic problem solving, policy analysis and management. It will also enable students to develop their skills and attitudes for effective and efficient performance of their duties in managerial positions in the health industry.

OBJECTIVES
Aim: The postgraduate programme in Health economics, management and policy is designed to provide basic and relevant training for effective leadership and analytic problem solving capacity for the graduates, so that they improve the effectiveness, efficiency and equity of the health system.

Specific objectives
1. To provide training in health economics, health policy and health management techniques required of managers and policy makers in the health sector.
2. To provide specialized training and techniques required for effective planning and analysis of contemporary health economic issues.
3. To broaden the intellectual base for optimal resource allocation in the ever-evolving health sector in a developing country.
4. To provide students with frameworks which will enable them to understand and analyse health systems and policies.
5. To improve the strategic management know-how and training for health care executive to enable efficient and effective health care delivery system.
6. To appreciate the underlying differences between types of organizational structures for health systems and key issues for achieving the goals of health systems for each type.
7. To develop health experts capable of engaging in health systems research and analysis and ultimately improving the performance of health systems.

M.Sc. AND Ph.D. PROGRAMMES

PHILOSOPHY
The epi-centre of philosophy of the programme is hinged on the need to produce policy makers and managers in the health sector as well as academics roundly grounded in an integrated manner in the inter-related fields of health economics, management and policy. Hence, the inter-related nature of the disciplines of health economics, management and policy implies that they could be offered as an integrated package to the students in the MSc class for a holistic acquisition and retention of knowledge required to improve the performance of the health system. However, during the Ph.D programme there will be specialization in one of the disciplines.

There is lack of capacity in health management, economics and policy in Nigeria and most sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. There is also the lack of adequately trained as well as academically equipped health management professionals to man management positions in the ministries of health, health organizations and services in Nigeria. These imply that the country and actually most of the countries in the SSA sub-region lack the capacity for health system analysis; health system management; health economics and policy; and overall health management techniques. These are essential skills that are required to improve the health system and ensure that the country attains and maintains the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), institutionalize an efficient and equitable health sector reform programme and ultimately improve the health status of the people.

Evidence shows that the greatest problem preventing appropriate delivery of care, improved access to care and the financial viability of the health system has been the scarcity for trained and seasoned health care managers. Evidence also indicates increasing need for trained health economists/managers by the civil society organizations in attempt at reforming and improving the Nigerian health system. As a result, it has become necessary and important to provide relevant professional training in order to develop health management experts and economists with high academic and professional skills to provide effective leadership in the health services delivery at both the public and private health sectors.

The phenomenon of lack of management acumen within our healthcare system has become so obvious that persons heading our health institutions and healthcare services are hardly versed in the regime of health management, economics and policy for that matter, resulting in poor, ineffectual and uncoordinated healthcare delivery system. This is partly one of the reasons that the Nigerian healthcare system was ranked by the World Health Organization in 2000 to be one of the worst in the world.

The demand for health managers and administrators has been on the increase since the recent health reform programmes engaged at various governmental levels and partly sponsored by the international community commenced. Up until recently, both public and private health institutions were being managed by non-professional health managers, hence the enduring crisis of misallocation of resources, lack of adequate health planning and diagnosis that has plagued the National healthcare delivery system.

The manpower need for health economists as well as health systems and policy analysts has continued to increase especially with the recent health reform programmes in Nigeria and the rest of SSA sub-region. More so, international and civil society organizations are on constant demand for health economists and health system analysts to develop policies and implement various health reform programmes in the country as well as evaluate and provide economic evidence for improving diverse health programmes. The need for health economists run through the desire to build capacity to accomplish the demand for appropriate allocation of scare resources, health management effectiveness and relevant decision making and performance applications to the health industry to maximize the health and well being of the citizenry.

There is a dearth of opportunities for training in areas of health economics, policy and management in not only Nigeria, but in the rest of SSA region. The few available opportunities that are found mostly in South Africa are inadequate to cater for the needs of the countries and are not affordable to many desiring students. This implies that there is a low number of trained manpower in health economics, management and policy that are able to provide such training to other people in Nigeria. Hence, there is the potential for University of Nigeria to become the leader in this area not only in Nigeria but in the SSA sub-region.

There is thus an urgent need to start the MSc and PhD programme in health economics, management and policy to help curb the weaknesses in the management of the health system engendered by the absence of the appropriately trained managers in the health sector, which is a pre-requisite for improving the healthcare system. In addition, the programme will enable the University System to undertake research activities that will provide the evidence-base for improving the performance of the health system.

OBJECTIVES OF THE PROGRAMME:

Aim: The MSc and PhD programmes in Health Economics, Management and Policy are designed to provide professional and relevant training for effective management of the health sector as well as capacity building in the educational sector for training and research.

Specific Objectives:
1. To provide advanced training in health economics, health policy and health management techniques required by managers and policy makers in the health sector as well as to the academia.
2. To provide specialized training and techniques required for effective planning and analysis of contemporary health sector issues.
3. To broaden the intellectual base for optimal resource allocation in the ever-evolving health sector in a developing country.
4. To provide students with frameworks which will enable them to understand and analyse health systems and policies.
5. To improve the strategic management know-how and training for health care managers to enable the institution of equitable, efficient and effective health system.
6. To develop health experts capable of engaging in health systems and research and analysis and ultimately improving the performance of health systems.
7. To develop a critical mass of academics that will propagate capacity building and research in health economics, management and policies.


PROGRAMME PHILOSOPHY AND OBJECTIVES
I. B.SC HEALTH ADMINISTRATION AND MANAGEMENT


A profound knowledge of management is the sine qua non for development in Nigeria. The students in this programme will acquire theoretical and practical knowledge in health administration, management, economics and policy to equip them to face the challenges of self reliance, contribute to national development and be able to cope with the environment and the wider society

It is not enough to build hospitals and mount health care programmes. It is more important to prepare the human resources by inculcating in students how to apply administration and management knowledge to make appropriate decision and proffer solutions to problems in the health system.

Fundamentally, the course will help the students acquire leadership skills, human relations, analytical, evaluative, and communicative skills needed for efficient and equitable management of human organizations and the health systems in particular.

OBJECTIVES
The curriculum is designed to encourage high integrity, self reliance, competence, excellence and indepth knowledge of management of hospitals, other health institutions and health organizations. To this end, emphasis is being place upon professional education of the entire individual and also providing him/her with the background requisite for effective performance in his/her career.

The following specific objectives will direct the course of the programme.

1. To provide basic knowledge in health management, economics, policy and administration needed for the efficient management and administration of health services and organizations.
2. To equip students with the knowledge in taking appropriate decisions using contemporary techniques and tools of administrative sciences and related disciplines.
3. To build the capacity of the students on research methodology or investigating issues and problems in health administration and management.
4. To expose students to leadership and human relations, analytical, evaluative, synthetic and communicative skills needed for managing human organizations.
5. To produce at least 50 highly trained health managers and administrators within the first our years of the undergraduate programme.
6. To fully develop and start post-graduate programme within four years of starting the undergraduate programme.

ADMISSION REQUIREMENT
There are two modes of entry:
Candidates wishing to undertake a B.Sc degree programme in Health Administration and Management must posses the following qualifications.

1. UME: 5 (five) credits in not more than two sittings including Mathematics, English, Economics and Biology. Admission and Matriculation Board (JAMB) Examination satisfying the Departmental Score and also pass the post JAMB examination meeting the departmental requirement as well.

2. DIRECT ENTRY: Candidate with OND, NCE, HSC.(“A Level) obtained from a recognized polytechnic or other tertiary institution may seek a direct entry admission. Direct entry students are expected to spend a maximum of 4(four) years in the programme.

STRUCURE OF PROGRAMME

II. PGD HEMP
III. M.Sc. and Ph.D HEMP


RESEARCH ACTIVITIES OF STAFF MEMBERS

Dr. O. E. Onwujekwe - Health System
Control of endemic disease
Economic burden of disease
Healthcare finance
Equity in health and healthcare

Dr. O.G. Ochonma - Access to Health Care
Health Reform
Health Policy
HIV/AIDS

Dr. B.S.C. Uzochukwu - Health Policy Analysis
Cost-effectiveness analysis

Dr. Chima Onoka - Benefit Incidence Analysis

Ms. A. Onwujekwe - Health Reform
Health policy

Dr. (Mrs) G.U. Madubuko - Child Abuse
Sickle cell Disorders and Management

Dr. (Mrs) I.L. Okoronkwo - HIV/AIDS
Human Resources Management
Quality care

POSTGRADUATE DEGREE PROGRAMMES
The Department of Health Administration and Management has started its Postgraduate Diploma PGD program in Health Economics, Management with 16 students this academic session.

DURATION OF PROGRAMMES etc is as follows:

1. UME: Undergraduate programme runs for four years
2. PGD: Postgraduate programme runs for 12 calendar months and maximum of 24 calendar months.

ACADEMIC STAFF

S/No.

Name of Staff

Sex

Rank

Phone Number

E-mail Address

1.

Dr. {Mrs.} Okoronkwo Ijeoma Lewechi

F

HOD/Senior Lecturer

08063581297

Ijeoma.okoronkwo@unn.edu.ng

2.

Prof. Onwujekwe, Obinna Emmanuel

M

Professor

08037007771

onwujekwe@unn.edu.ng

3.

Prof. B.S. Uzochukwu

M

Professor

08033130050

bscuzochukwu@gmail.com

4.

Associate Prof. D. Nwagbo

M

Associate Professor

08037789719

douglasfnwagbo@yahoo.co.uk

5.

Dr. Ochonma Ogbonnia Godwin

M

Senior Lecturer

08068993922

Ogbonnia.ochonma@unn.edu.ng

6.

Dr. {Mrs.} Etiaba Enyi Ifeoma

F

Lecturer I

08032442695

enyietiaba@yahoo.co.uk

7.

Ms Onwujekwe Annette

F

Lecturer I (contract)

08033188854

annetteeonwujekwe@yahoo.com

8.

Dr. {Mrs.} Madubuko Theresa Nkeji

F

Lecturer II

07036885227

+madubuko@yahoo.com

9.

Dr. Okolo Christian Ngozi

M

Lecturer II

08039535345

chrisngoo@hotmail.com

10.

Mr. Eze Soludo Bartholomew

M

Graduate Assistant

07064410321

Soludo.eze@unn.edu.ng

11.

Mr. Okoli Chijioke Ifeanyi

M

Assistant Lecturer

08068840250

Chijioke.okoli@unn.edu.ng

 NON-ACADEMIC STAFF

S/No.

Name of Staff

Sex

Rank

Phone Number

E-mail Address

1.

Chime Helen Ada

F

Senior Confidential Secretary

08037955895

Helenada.chime@unn.edu.ng

2.

Nwogu Maria Ngozi

F

Principal Executive Officer

07039682551

Nil

3.

Udeh Obiageli Bernadette

F

Asst. Chief Typist

08037726261

Obiageli.udeh@unn.edu.ng

4.

Ngwu Fransisca

F

Chief Head C/Messenger

08030608507

Nil

 


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