Welcome to the Department of Anesthesia at the University of Nigeria!

Come in and have a look around! Here you can find out what we do, whom we care for and teach, how and what we research, and more. You can start with the welcome message from our Head of department or just browse around the website. Please feel free to contact us if you would like more information



Past and Present Heads of Department









Dr. F. A. Onyekwulu

Senior Lecturer/HOD





Dr. H. A. Ezike

Senior Lecturer





Dr. U. V. Okafor

Senior Lecturer





Dr. T. C. Onyeka

Senior Lecturer


doctortoniaonyeka@ gmail.com



Dr. A. O. Amucheazi

Lecturer I


adamucheazi@yahoo. com



Dr. O. V. Ajuzieogu

Lecturer I


Obinna.ajuzieogu@unn. edu.ng




Mrs. B.E. Ehumadu

Senior Confidential Secretary







Dr. K. I. A. Izuora

      1992       -       1994

Dr. (Mrs) F. N. Akpa

      1994       -       1996

Dr. H. A. Ezike

      1996       -       2000

Dr. P. U. Nze

      2000       -       2001

Dr. F. A. Onyekwulu


The Department of Anaesthesia, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus was founded as a component of the Faculty of Medicine of the Medical School, university of Nigeria, Enugu campus.(UNEC). The faculty was established in 1967. The department is a major part of the division of surgery of the former faculty of Medical sciences and Dentistry, now faculty of medical sciences. The department was a sub-department until 1974 when it was given a status of a full department.
Specialists at the inception of Anaesthesia in our Faculty were only two – Dr. P. O. Nwachukwu and Dr. T. I. Eziashi. By January and February 1978, Drs Okechukwu and B.U.O Umeh joined the team. Afterwards other academic staff joined the department as follows:
Dr Umeh, Ezike H.A, Dr Izuorah, Dr Akpa, Dr Nze P.U, Dr Okafor U.V, Dr Onyekwulu F.A, Dr Onyeka T.C, Dr Amucheazi A.O, Dr Ajuzieogu V.O.
There are also non academic members of staff in the consultant category including Dr Ufuegbunam P.M, Dr Onyia A, and Dr Arum E
The department also boasts of experienced and dependable secretarial and administrative staff.

• Dr. P. O. Nwachukwu
• Dr. T. I. Eziashi.
• Drs Okechukwu
• B.U.O Umeh
• Dr Izuora L.N
• Dr Akpa
• Dr Ezike H.A
• Dr Nze P.U
To improve patients safety and excellence in anaesthesia practice, intensive care , pain and palliative care in our region.
To produce adequqte numbers of highly skilled physician anaesthetists both at fellowship and diploma level and return anaesthesia practice to its prime position.

The department’s core values are safety, integrity, professionalism, excellence and team work
• ANE 501 Resuscitation, Principles, and Practice of Anaesthesia
• ANE 502 Clinical Anaesthesiology
We run the following programmes:
• Residency
• Fellowships
• West African Diploma
• National Diploma
• Undergraduate medical training
Our academic programmes are designed to improve safety in patient care while encouraging academic excellence and research. We run postgraduate residency training programmes with the National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria and the West African College of Surgeons. Our goal of the anesthesia residency is to provide the environment and resources to help fulfill the highest professional potential as an anaesthetist. The Internet and this website now provides instant and updated information about the residency education program. Here you will find alot of information about our world-class teaching faculty, with their specialized expertise in a variety of clinical and research areas. Also, please look around the website to see our facilities and curriculum. We encourage applications from suitably qualified doctors into our program!
The core tenets of anesthesia education at UNN are:
• Residents are learners
• Residents learn best in clinical settings that embody the highest standards of medical practice & patient safety
• Resident well being is a high priority
Furthermore, residency training here incorporates the three domains of modern learning theory: cognitive (knowledge & intellectual abilities), affective (attitudes and values), and psychomotor (motor skills). Each is addressed to ensure that when the resident graduates they are ready to practice independently. In fact, alumni surveys consistently tell us that our graduates are most pleased with how well prepared they are to manage any case they encounter, no matter how complex or challenging.
At UNN, we acknowledge that resident education is shifting from the traditional apprenticeship model to one based on assessment of competency. We have thus adopted the following areas as pillars of training
• Patient care,
• Medical knowledge,
• Practice-based learning and improvement,
• Interpersonal and communication skills,
• Professionalism,
• Systems-based practice.
At UNN, teaching and evaluation in these areas is an ongoing and daily pursuit, especially since today’s practice environment has changed the demands on our new graduates. We recognize that patients and families often focus on interpersonal skills and communication, and on the professionalism of the anesthetist.

Our residents go through the following rotations
• Neuroanaesthesia (3 mths),
• Cardiothoracic anaesthsia
• Obstetric anaesthesia (2 mths),
• ICU (4 mths, 1 ),
• Pediatric anaesthesia (2 mths),
• Pre-op Clinic (1 mth),
• Acute Pain (1 mth),
• Chronic pain (1 mth),
• PACU (0.5 mths) and
• Regional analgesia in Pain Medicine (1mth).
Other highlights of the training include:
• Mock oral exams,
• Simulator training in adult, pediatrics, and obstetric anesthesia,
• Medical missions around the world, and
• Workshops (one day each) in career planning, regional anesthesia, and difficult airway management.
UNN anesthesia aims to train excellent clinicians, future leaders in the specialty, and clinician-scientists in patient care or basic science research. Please consider joining us in the serene environment of the ancient but modernized coal city of Enugu
We run a weekly clinical meeting which focuses on power point presentation of topical issues in anaesthesia followed by a brain storming session involving all residents and consultants. In addition, there is a routine daily resident training on the job to enhance patient safety

We have a functional library with internet ready computers. There is also a laboratory with facilities simulated training.

The Department of Anesthesia at the University of Nigeria is a leader in clinical and basic science research. Clinical investigations occur in all subspecialties including critical care and cardiothoracic, neurosurgical, and regional anesthesia. Basic science research topics are pain, analgesic pharmacology and learning and memory. There is an emphasis on training physicians and scientists on the fundamentals of basic and clinical research. The Department of Anesthesia is keenly interested in providing residents and fellows with the background for developing a career in research.
Surgical challenges in the treatment of advanced cases of ameloblastoma in the developing world: The authors' experience.
• Chukwuneke FN, Ajuzieogu O, Chukwuka A, Okwuowulu T, Nnodi P, and Oji C . International journal of oral and maxillofacial surgery 39(2):150-5, 2010 Feb -PubMed ID: 20047817
• Giant Seminoma following ipsilateral orchidectomy: a rare finding. Case report. Ugwumba FO, Nnabugwu I, Nnakenyi EF, Olusina DB, and Ajuzieogu O. European journal of cancer care 18(3):322-4, 2009 May PubMed ID: 19245540
• Ruptured omphalocele in thoracoomphalopagus conjoined twins. Int Surg. 2009 Jul-Sep;94(3):221-3. Ekenze SO, Ibeziako SN, Adimora GN, Anyanwu PA, Ekwunife H, Ajuzieogu VO.
• Cesarean delivery in preeclampsia and seasonal variation in a tropical rainforest belt. Okafor UV and Ezegwui HU Journal of postgraduate medicine 56(1):21-3, 2010 - PubMed ID: 20393245
• Anaesthetic management of patients with pre-eclampsia/eclampsia and perinatal outcome. Okafor UV, Efetie ER, Igwe W, and Okezie O The journal of maternal-fetal & neonatal medicine : the official journal of the European Association of Perinatal Medicine, the Federation of Asia and Oceania Perinatal Societies, the International Society of Perinatal Obstetricians 22(8):688-92, 2009 Aug - PubMed ID: 19504406
• Maternal and perinatal outcome after caesarean delivery in preeclampsia or eclampsia in Enugu, Nigeria: four years on. Okafor UV International journal of obstetric anesthesia 18(3):292-3, 2009 Jul PubMed ID: 19447596
• Trends of different forms of anaesthesia for caesarean section in South-eastern Nigeria. Okafor UV, Ezegwui HU, and Ekwazi K Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 29(5):392-5, 2009 Jul - PubMed ID: 19603315
• Challenges in critical care services in Sub-Saharan Africa: Perspectives from Nigeria. Okafor UV . Indian journal of critical care medicine 13(1):25-7, 2009 - Who cited this? | PubMed ID: 19881176
• Critical care management of eclamptics: challenges in an African setting. Okafor UV and Efetie RE .Tropical doctor 38(1):11-3, 2008 Jan - PubMed ID: 18302851
• Maternal outcome in eclamptic patients in Abuja, Nigeria--a 5 year review. Efetie ER and Okafor UV Nigerian journal of clinical practice 10(4):309-13, 2007 Dec PubMed ID: 18293641
• Challenges in critical care obstetrics in West Africa. Okafor UV International journal of obstetric anesthesia 16(4):314-5, 2007 Oct
• Critical care management of gynaecological patients in Enugu, Nigeria. Okafor UV and Efetie RE .Tropical doctor 37(2):108-9, 2007 Apr | PubMed ID: 17540097
• Anaesthesia for uterine rupture in a Nigerian teaching hospital: maternal and fetal outcome. Okafor UV and Aniebue U . International journal of obstetric anesthesia 15(2):124-8, 2006 Apr - Who cited this? | PubMed ID: 16488135
• Evolution of obstetric anaesthesia in West Africa: current trends. Okafor UV International journal of obstetric anesthesia 15(2):176-7, 2006 Apr - PubMed ID: 16488144
• Cerebrovascular accident with quadriplegia following postpartum eclampsia. Okafor UV, Efetie ER, Onwuekwe I, and Uwaezeoke TC Acta anaesthesiologica Scandinavica 50(3):382-4, 2006 Mar - PubMed ID: 16480475
• Acute renal failure due to HELLP syndrome and acute renal failure in mid gestation. Okafor UV and Efetie RE International journal of obstetric anesthesia 14(3):265-8, 2005 Jul PubMed ID: 15935639 | Fulltext
• Maternal and fetal outcome of anaesthesia for caesarean delivery in preeclampsia/eclampsia in Enugu, Nigeria: a retrospective observational study. Okafor UV and Okezie O International journal of obstetric anesthesia 14(2):108-13, 2005 Apr PubMed ID: 15795145Lightning injuries and acute renal failure: a review. Okafor UV Renal failure 27(2):129-34, 2005 - PubMed ID: 15807175
• Admission pattern and outcome in critical care obstetric patients. Okafor UV and Aniebue U International journal of obstetric anesthesia 13(3):164-6, 2004 Jul Laparoscopically assisted vaginal hysterectomy in southeast Nigeria--case report. Ikechebelu JI, Mbamara SU, and Ezike HA .Nigerian journal of medicine : journal of the National Association of Resident Doctors of Nigeria 18(1):107-9, 2009 - PubMed ID: 19485161
• Typhoid ileal perforation: analysis of morbidity and mortality in 89 children. Ekenze SO, Okoro PE, Amah CC, Ezike HA, and Ikefuna AN .Nigerian journal of clinical practice 11(1):58, 2008 Mar PubMed ID: 18689141
• Pain perception among parturients in Enugu, South-eastern Nigeria. Onah HE, Obi SN, Oguanuo TC, Ezike HA, Ogbuokiri CM, and Ezugworie JO Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 27(6):585-8, 2007 Aug
• Saline sonohysterosalpingographic findings in infertile Nigerian women. Onah HE, Ezike HA, and Mgbor SO .Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology : the journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 26(8):788-90, 2006 Nov - PubMed ID: 17130032
• Pregnancy after heart valve replacement--case report. Ezemba N, Eze JC, Onah HE, Anisiuba BC, Aghaji MA, and Ezike HA .African journal of medicine and medical sciences 33(3):271-4, 2004 Sep - PubMed ID: 15819477
• Mordified Submental Endotracheal Intubation Technique in Maxillofacial Injuries Ajuzieogu, VO
Ezike HA, Ajuzieogu VO, Amucheazi AO, Ekenze SO.
• General anesthesia for repair of omphalocele in a pair of conjoined twins in Enugu, Nigeria. Saudi J Anaesth 2010;4:202-4
• A Retrospective Audit Of Drug Administration Errors During Elective Surgery. The Internet Journal of Anesthesiology. 2010 Volume 25 Number 1 Amucheazi A. O. & Ajuzieogu. O V. :

Fameo Prize For the best Candidate in the National Postgraduate fellowship Examinations 1999 Dr Agbakoba M
Fameo Prize For the best Candidate in the National Postgraduate fellowship Examinations 2004 Dr Ajuzieogu V.O
Bright Scholar Award of the University of University of Nigeria Nsukka

The specialty of anesthesia has been marked by unprecedented growth and change since the first public demonstration in Boston of ether anesthesia in 1846. Today, rendering the patient insensitive to pain while monitoring and maintaining vital organ function during surgery remains the main professional activity of the anesthesiologist. At the heart of the practice of anesthesia is the decision to use a specific anesthetic technique in a given patient. This decision must take into account the planned surgical procedure as well as the patient's physical condition and coexisting disease. Much of the research performed by anaesthetists has improved our ability to make this decision wisely, as during the last fifteen years anesthetic mortality has decreased from 1 in 10,000 to 1 in 187,000.

The practice of anesthesia continues to grow, as evidenced in the development of ten recognized subspecialties within our field. Today's anaesthetists works not only in the operating room, but also in the intensive care unit and the labor and delivery suite. Anaesthetists also play a prominent role in acute and chronic pain management, as well as in the preparation of patients for surgery. In addition, a wide range of research opportunities exist within anesthesiology, from the study of subcellular mechanisms of anesthesia, through research at the organ level, to clinical studies directly related to patient care.

The University of Nigeria Department of Anesthesia is committed to training physicians to become outstanding anaesthetists. We feel that our training program allows our residents develop the knowledge and skills required to provide the best possible care to their patients throughout their career. We are also committed to meeting the academic research aspirations of our residents, in order to prepare them for academic careers in our specialty.